InTrans Publications

Proceedings of the 2005 Mid-Continent Transportation Research Symposium

Ames, Iowa, August 18–19, 2005

Copyright © 2005 by Iowa State University.

Over 100 papers presented at this fifth biennial event at Iowa State University are included in the proceedings. The opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the various authors and not necessarily those of the sponsors. The accuracy of the information presented herein is the responsibility of the authors and not that of the sponsors. The sponsors assume no liability for the contents or use thereof.

This publication may be used for nonprofit education purposes only provided that the source is acknowledged. Requests for permission to copy individual papers should be directed to the appropriate authors.

ISBN 978-0-9652310-8-4

 

Table of Contents

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Special Speaker

Waiting for Change: The Introduction of Innovation to Transportation Technology 45 kb
Neil F. Hawks, Transportation Research Board

Asphalt Pavement

Sensitivity Study of Design Input Parameters for Two Flexible Pavement Systems Using the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide 131 kb
Sunghwan Kim, Halil Ceylan, Iowa State University; Michael Heitzman, Iowa Department of Transportation

Rapid Pavement Backcalculation Technique for Evaluating Flexible Pavement Systems 547 kb
Mustafa Birkan Bayrak, Alper Guclu, Halil Ceylan, Iowa State University

Performance of SPS-1 Project in Kansas 129 kb
Mbakisya Onyango, Mustaque Hossain, Sagar Bethu, Stefan A. Romanoschi, Kansas State University; Andrew J. Gisi, Kansas Department of Transportation

Roughness Progression on Superpave Pavements 123 kb
Zahidul Q. Siddique, McMahon Associates, Inc.; Mustaque Hossain, Kansas State University; William H. Parcells, Jr., Kansas Department of Transportation

MnROAD Hot Mix Asphalt Observations 13 kb
Benjamin Worel, Minnesota Department of Transportation

Prediction of National Airport Pavement Test Facility Pavement Layer Moduli from Heavy Weight Deflectometer Test Data Using Artificial Neural Networks
Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Iowa State University

Long-Term Performance of Cold In-Place Recycled Asphalt Roads 104 kb
Charles T. Jahren, Dong Chen, Iowa State University

Thin Maintenance Surfaces for Municipalities 72 kb
Charles T. Jahren, Duane Smith, Cliff A. Plymesser, Iowa State University

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Asset Management

Measures for Highway Maintenance Quality Assurance 50 kb
Teresa Adams, Janille Smith, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Performance-Based Rehabilitation and Maintenance for the District of Columbia’s National Highway System 294 kb
Eloisa Raynault, Mark Robinson, Science Applications International Corporation; Mesfin Lakew, Simon Rennie, District of Columbia Department of Transportation; Edward A. Sheldahl, Federal Highway Administration

Iowa Pavement Marking Management System: Initial Phases 676 kb
Neal Hawkins, Omar Smadi, Zachary Hans, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

Digital Image Processing for Pavement Distress Analysis 475 kb
Egemen Teomete, Viren R. Amin, Halil Ceylan, Omar Smadi, Iowa State University

Training Opportunities in Transportation Asset Management 14 kb
Jason Bittner, Ernie Wittwer, Mary Ebeling, University of Wisconsin-Madison

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Bridges and Structures

Evaluation and Modifications of the AASHTO Procedures for Flexural Strength of Prestressed Concrete Flanged Sections 239 kb
Eray Baran, Arturo E. Schultz, Catherine E. French, University of Minnesota

Development of Self-Consolidating Concrete for Bridge Girders and Evaluation of Its Fresh Properties 140 kb
Bulent Erkmen, Catherine E. Wolfgram French, Carol K. Shield, University of Minnesota

Ultra High Performance Concrete Highway Bridges 2.6 mb
Dean Bierwagen, Ahmad Abu-Hawash, Iowa Department of Transportation

Design Methodology for Modified Beam-in-Slab Bridges 210 kb
Travis Konda, F. Wayne Klaiber, Terry J. Wipf, Iowa State University

Design and Evaluation of Accelerated Bridge Construction 524 kb
Michael LaViolette, Iowa State University; Norman McDonald, Ahmad Abu-Hawash, James S. Nelson, Anthony Samuelson, Iowa Department of Transportation

Tama County’s Steel-Free Bridge Deck 648 kb
Mark Dunn, Iowa Department of Transportation; Lyle Brehm, Tama County, Iowa; F. Wayne Klaiber, Brent M. Phares, Douglas L. Wood, Iowa State University

Field Testing of an FRP Temporary Bypass Bridge 3 mb
Terry J. Wipf, Brent M. Phares, Travis K. Hosteng, Iowa State University

Iowa’s High-Mast Lighting Towers: A Proactive Approach to a Problem 128 kb
Bruce Brakke, Iowa Department of Transportation; Terry J. Wipf, Brent M. Phares, Byung-Ik Chang, Iowa State University; Robert J. Connor, Lehigh University

Expanding the Use of Integral Abutments in Iowa 159 kb
Kenneth F. Dunker, Ahmad Abu-Hawash, Iowa Department of Transportation

Low-Volume Road Abutment Design Standards 303 kb
V.W. Robbins, HNTB Corporation; F. Wayne Klaiber, David J. White, Brent M. Phares, Terry J. Wipf, Iowa State University

Practical Approach to Estimating Realistic Depths of Abutment Scour 451 kb
Robert Ettema, Atsuhiro Yorozuya, Tatsuaki Nakato, Marian Muste, University of Iowa

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Concrete Pavement

Update and Status of the Long-Term Plan for Concrete Pavement Research and Technology: The CP Road Map 148 kb
Stephen J. Andrle, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

Concrete Pavement Pooled Fund Studies Led by the Iowa Department of Transportation 21 kb
Sandra Larson, Iowa Department of Transportation

MnROAD Overview and Update 13 kb
Dave Johnson, Minnesota Department of Transportation

MnROAD Portland Cement Concrete Lessons Learned 22 kb
Benjamin Worel, Minnesota Department of Transportation

Sensitivity Analysis of Rigid Pavement Systems Using the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide 166 kb
Alper Guclu, Halil Ceylan, Iowa State University

Concrete Pavement Design in Kansas Following the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide 101 kb
Taslima Khanum, Mustaque Hossain, Stefan A. Romanoschi, Richard Barezinsky, Kansas State University

Performance of SPS-2 Project in Kansas 118 kb
Taslima Khanum, Mustaque Hossain, Kansas State University; Andrew J. Gisi, Kansas Department of Transportation

Mix Design Development for Pervious Concrete in Cold Weather Climates 165 kb
John Kevern, Kejin Wang, Muhannad T. Suleiman, Vernon R. Schaefer, Iowa State University

Effects of Aggregate on Flow Properties of Mortar 56 kb
Jiong Hu, Kejin Wang, Iowa State University

Effects of Materials and Mixing Procedures on Air Void Characteristics of Fresh Concrete 174 kb
Shihai Zhang, Kejin Wang, Iowa State University

Structural Dowel Bar Alternatives and Gaps of Knowledge 175 kb
Max L. Porter, Iowa State University

Non-Destructive Testing Device for Tie Bar Placement Accuracy 322 kb
Stanley E. Young, Kansas Department of Transportation; Nathan W. Holle, Kansas State University

Early-Age Behavior of Jointed Plain Concrete Pavement Systems 339 kb
Omer Tugrul Turan, Halil Ceylan, Faith Bektas, Kejin Wang, Iowa State University

Temperature and Curling Measurement on Concrete Pavements 135 kb
Zahidul Q. Siddique, McMahon Associates, Inc.; Mustaque Hossain, Kansas State University; Dave Meggers, Kansas Department of Transportation

Design and Construction

Interstate 235 Reconstruction Update (Invited Presentation) 13 kb
Martin Sankey, Iowa Department of Transportation

Using Visualization to See Transportation Solutions 13 kb
Bradford Henry, URS Corporation

Cost Effectiveness of Design-Build, Lane Rental, and A+B Contracting Techniques 51 kb
Kelly C. Strong, James Tometich, Nolan Raadt, Iowa State University

Enhancing Electronic Highway Design Standards and Specifications 195 kb
Manop Kaewmoracharoen, Iowa State University

High-Accuracy Geometric Highway Model Derived from Multi-Track, Messy GPS Data 341 kb
Stanley E. Young, Rick Miller, Kansas Department of Transportation

Hybrid Interchanges: Developing the Arterial of the Future 34 kb
Joel K. Marcuson, Entranco

Economics of Upgrading an Aggregate Road 13 kb
Charles T. Jahren, Duane Smith, Jacob Thorius, Mary Rukashaza-Makome, David J. White, Iowa State University; Gregory D. Johnson, Minnesota Department of Transportation

Internal Traffic Control Plans 472 kb
Jerry L. Graham, Midwest Research Institute; Charles L. Williams, C.L. Williams Consulting, Inc.; Robert Burch, Burch and Associates

Wireless, GPS-Enabled Data Processing Architecture for Highway Work Zones 149 kb
Stanley E. Young, Kansas Department of Transportation; Margaret J. Rys, Kansas State University

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Environment

Project-Level Air Toxics Analysis 53 kb
Jonathan Ehrlich, SRF Consulting Group, Inc.

Alternatives to Truck Engine Idling 412 kb
Randy Boeckenstedt, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

Reducing School Bus Emissions 56 kb
Josias Zietsman, K. Meghan Wieters, Brian S. Bochner, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University; Janie Bynum, Texas Department of Transportation

Cooperative Development of Wetland Mitigation Projects in Iowa 13 kb
Timothy Ellis, Iowa State University; Stephen J. Andrle, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

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Geotechnical Engineering

Application of X-Ray CT Scanning to Characterize Geomaterials Used in Transportation Construction 495 kb
Clinton Halverson, David J. White, Joseph Gray, Iowa State University

Use of In Situ Testing to Optimize Slope Design in Highly Weathered Shale 1.7 mb
Emad Farouz, Bhooshan Karnik, CH2M HILL; Robert Stanley, Iowa Department of Transportation

Lateral Load Tests on Small-Diameter Piles for Slope Remediation 497 kb
Mark J. Thompson, David J. White, Muhannad T. Suleiman, Iowa State University

Rapid Field Testing Techniques for Determining Soil Density and Water Content 369 kb
Matt Veenstra, David J. White, Vernon R. Schaefer, Iowa State University

Influence of Compaction Energy on Soil Engineering Properties 13 kb
Isaac Drew, David J. White, Iowa State University

Characterization of Utility Cut Pavement Settlement and Repair Techniques 571 kb
Kari Jensen, Vernon R. Schaefer, Muhannad T. Suleiman, David J. White, Iowa State University

Simple Design Alternatives to Improve Drainage and Reduce Erosion at Bridge Abutments 799 kb
Mohamed Mekkawy, David J. White, Muhannad T. Suleiman, Sri Sritharan, Iowa State University

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ITS

Interstate 235 ITS Program (Invited Presentation) 12 kb
Michael Jackson, Iowa Department of Transportation

Traveler Information Systems to Support Transportation Operations (Invited Presentation) 22 kb
John Whited, Iowa Department of Transportation

Geospatially Enabled, In-Vehicle Information Services Architecture: Visual Data Radio 63 kb
Stanley E. Young, Chris Beightel, Kansas Department of Transportation

Delivering Amber Alerts to Remote Nebraska Highway Facilities Using Public Broadcasts 13 kb
Jim McGee, Nebraska Department of Roads

Regional ITS Architecture Development in Rural and Small Urban Areas 14 kb
Ayman Smadi, North Dakota State University

Adaptive Predictive Traffic Timer Control Algorithim 247 kb
Naren Athmaraman, Srivathsan Soundararajan, SSN College of Engineering

Deployment of Statewide Transit ITS through the Iowa Rural Transit ITS Consortium 12 kb
Bob Krause, Iowa Department of Transportation

Increasing School Transportation Efficiency Using GIS and the Web 12 kb
Jake Sheets, Sioux City Community Schools, Iowa; Shane Steckelberg, Dakota Valley Schools

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Planning

Iowa’s Long-Range Transportation Plan (Invited Presentation) 12 kb
Stuart Anderson, Iowa Department of Transportation

Supporting Transportation Planning in Small Metropolitan Planning Organizations through Partnerships and Innovative Methods 57 kb
Ayman Smadi, North Dakota State University

Regional Mobility Authorities in Texas 190 kb
David L. Bruno, Texas Department of Transportation; Charles R. Stevens, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University

National Household Travel Survey Add-On Use in the Des Moines Metropolitan Area 33 kb
Kristin L. Nanke, Des Moines Area Metropolitan Planning Organization

Existing Challenges for Use of Passive GPS Devices for Routine Travel Data Collection 14 kb
Jianhe Du, Lisa Aultman-Hall, University of Connecticut

Employment and Spatial Effects of Highways in Missouri 255 kb
Yong-Lyoul Kim, University of Missouri-Columbia

Local Adoption of Safety Conscious Planning through Technology Transfer 63 kb
Claudia Knezek, Rutgers University

Workforce Recruitment Dilemma: Defining Transportation and Transportation Careers 54 kb
Michele Regenold, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

Content of Existing Statewide Bicycle Maps 45 kb
Thirulokesh Krishnan, Mark R. Virkler, University of Missouri-Columbia

Market Analysis of Alternative Crop Production in Iowa 14 kb
Randy Boeckenstedt, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

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Safety

Safety, Security, and Efficiency Benefits of Technology in Highway Hazardous Materials Transportation Applications 57 kb
Joseph P. DeLorenzo, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration; John Allen, David Williams, Batelle; Mark Jensen, Science Applications International Corporation

Effect of Four-Lane to Three-Lane Conversions on Crash Frequencies and Crash Rates (Invited Presentation) 142 kb
Michael D. Pawlovich, Iowa Department of Transportation; Wen Li, Alicia Carriquiry, Iowa State University

Geometric Categories as Intersection Safety Evaluation Tools 33 kb
John Campbell, Ayres Associates; Keith Knapp, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Addressing Non-Intersection Crashes Statewide: Identification and Ranking of Highway Segments in Need of Safety Upgrades Using a Floating Highway Segment Tool Integrated with GIS 153 kb
Alex Drakopoulos, Marquette University; Ertan Örnek, DAAR Engineering, Inc.

Alternative Crash Severity Measures and the Implications on Intersection Ranking Results 90 kb
John Campbell, Ayres Associates; Keith Knapp, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Analyzing Severe Injury Risk for Crashes Nationally and Within Iowa 195 kb
John D. Hill, Linda Ng Boyle, University of Iowa

Secondary Accident Data Fusion for Assessing Long-Term Performance of Transportation Systems 57 kb
Carlos Sun, Venkat Chilukuri, University of Missouri-Columbia

Analyzing Crash Risk Using Automated Traffic Recorder Speed Data 134 kb
Thomas B. Stout, Reginald R. Souleyrette, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

Multi-State Pooled Fund Effort to Understand Rural Intersection Crashes 13 kb
Howard Preston, Richard Storm, CH2M HILL

Rural Expressway Intersection Characteristics that Contribute to Reduced Safety Performance 89 kb
Garrett Burchett, Thomas H. Maze, Iowa State University

Safety Performance of Two-Way Stop-Controlled Expressway Intersections 102 kb
Thomas H. Maze, Garrett Burchett, Neal R. Hawkins, Iowa State University; Thomas M. Welch, Iowa Department of Transportation

Access Management Plan and Program for the Des Moines Metropolitan Area 278 kb
David Plazak, Center for Transportation Research and Education., Iowa State University; Adam Garms, Jacobs Civil, Inc.; Jon Rees, CH2M HILL

Long-Term Impacts of Access Management on Business and Land Development along Minnesota Interstate 394 926 kb
David Plazak, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University; Howard Preston, CH2M HILL

Fargo-Moorhead Quiet Zone Demonstration Project 189 kb
Brian Shorten, SRF Consulting Group, Inc.

Operational and Safety Analyses of Minimum Speed Limits on Florida Rural Interstate Highways 93 kb
Victor Muchuruza, Renatus Mussa, Florida A&M University-Florida State University

Quantifying the Safety Benefits of Traffic Control Devices: Benefit-Cost Analysis of Traffic Sign Upgrades 69 kb
Douglas A. Ripley, Traffic Control Corporation

Safety Assessment of Installing Traffic Signals at High-Speed Expressway Intersections 325 kb
Todd Knox, Reginald R. Souleyrette, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

Guidelines for Removal of Traffic Control Devices in Rural Areas 724 kb
Ryan Tenges, Reginald R. Souleyrette, Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University

Signals and Meters at Roundabouts 152 kb
Charles R. Stevens, Jr., Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University

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Security

Transportation Security (Invited Presentation) 17 kb
Stephan Parker, Transportation Research Board

Inherent Challenges of Securing Surface Transportation Infrastructure: Examination of the National Capital Region 218 kb
Theodore A. Smith, School of Law, George Mason University

Implementing Emergency Alternate Routes: Wisconsin Experience 1.6 mb
Andrew Mielke, SRF Consulting Group, Inc.

Improving Multi-Use Recreational Trail Safety Through a Coordinated 911 Sign Project 288 kb
Kevin Blanshan, Dan Schlichtmann, Iowa Northland Regional Council of Governments; Barbara Berquam, Black Hawk County Information Technology Department

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Weather

Surface Transportation Weather Forecasting and Observations: Assessment of Current Capabilities and Future Trends 52 kb
William P. Mahoney III, Richard A. Wagoner, National Center for Atmospheric Research

Surface Transportation Weather Issues for the 21st Century 53 kb
Leland D. Smithson, Snow and Ice Pooled Fund Cooperative Program, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

Improving Surface Transportation Safety and Effectiveness through Modern Weather Technologies and Information 52 kb
Samuel P. Williamson, Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Frank L. Estis, Science and Technology Corporation

Automated Extraction of Weather Variables from Camera Imagery 732 kb
Robert G. Hallowell, Michael P. Matthews, Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Paul A. Pisano, Federal Highway Administration

Impacts of Weather on Urban Freeway Traffic Flow Characteristics and Facility Capacity 315 kb
Manish Agarwal, Thomas H. Maze, Reginald R. Souleyrette, Iowa State University

Automated Performance Measurement of Winter Road Maintenance Results 13 kb
Ronald W. Beane, Iowa Department of Transportation

Providing Intelligent Spatial Decision Support Using Expert System and Web Technologies
Shriram Ilavajhala, Ramanathan Sugumaran, University of Northern Iowa

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Sponsors

Committee

  • Sandra Larson, Director, Research and Technology Bureau, Iowa Department of Transportation
  • Steve Andrle, Director, Center for Transportation Research and Education
  • David Plazak, Education Director, Midwest Transportation Consortium, Iowa State University
  • Reg Souleyrette, Gerald and Audrey Olson Professor of Civil Engineering and Associate Director of CTRE, Iowa State University
  • Tom Maze, Professor of Civil Engineering and Director, Midwest Transportation Consortium, Iowa State University
  • Teresa Adams, Associate Director, Midwestern Regional University Transportation Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Charlie Nemmers, Director, Transportation Infrastructure Center, University of Missouri-Columbia
  • Dick McReynolds, Engineer of Research, Kansas Department of Transportation
  • Max Grogg, Programs Engineer, Federal Highway Administration, Iowa Division
  • Tim Strauss, Associate Professor of Geography, University of Northern Iowa
  • Dave Forkenbrock, Professor of Urban and Regional Planning and Director, Public Policy Center, The University of Iowa
  • Laurence Rilett, Professor of Civil Engineering and Director, Mid-America Transportation Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
  • David Lippert, Engineer of Physical Research, Illinois Department of Transportation
  • Gary Orlich, Research Management Engineer, Minnesota Department of Transportation
  • Melissa Tooley, Professor of Civil Engineering and Director of the Mack Blackwell Center for Transportation Research, University of Arkansas

 

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