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Project Details
STATUS

In-Progress

START DATE

10/20/22

END DATE

10/20/25

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CMAT
SPONSORS

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Roy Sturgill

Construction Engineer, CMAT

Co-Principal Investigator
Katherine Madson

Faculty Affiliate, CMAT

Co-Principal Investigator
Jennifer Shane

Director, CMAT

About the research

The aim of this project is to develop guidelines that provide departments of transportation (DOTs) with effective practices for retrieving, depicting, and managing utility location data that may come from a host of sources; may represent existing, proposed, abandoned, or relocated facilities; may involve and identify utility conflicts; and may entail inconsistencies requiring reconciliation.

Project Details
STATUS

Completed

START DATE

01/01/11

END DATE

01/31/13

FOCUS AREAS

Infrastructure

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CTRE
SPONSORS

National Academy of Sciences
National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Neal Hawkins

Associate Director, InTrans

Co-Principal Investigator
Omar Smadi

Director, CTRE

About the research

The Transportation Research Board’s (TRB’s) National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 439: Use of Transportation Asset Management Principles in State Highway Agencies explores the state of practice for transportation asset management among state departments of transportation.

Project Details
STATUS

Completed

START DATE

09/22/20

END DATE

05/13/22

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CMAT
SPONSORS

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Roy Sturgill

Construction Engineer, CMAT

Co-Principal Investigator
Katherine Madson

Faculty Affiliate, CMAT

About the research

While it is recognized to be in the public interest to permit the installation of utility infrastructure in roadway rights-of-way, the practice has contributed to utility-related issues being one of the leading causes of delays for transportation projects. Subsurface utility engineering (SUE) is an approach state departments of transportation (DOTs) have implemented to locate utilities and assist their project-development teams with avoiding these issues.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program’s NCHRP Synthesis 583: Implementation of Subsurface Utility Engineering for Highway Design and Construction documents state DOT use and practices related to SUE and specifically examines how and when SUE is implemented during the project-design and delivery processes.

Project Details
STATUS

In-Progress

START DATE

01/01/20

END DATE

12/31/22

FOCUS AREAS

Infrastructure

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CTRE
SPONSORS

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Jeramy Ashlock

Faculty Affiliate

About the research

This project will develop and test a Cyclic Borehole Shear Test (CBST) device for measuring static and cyclic properties of soils in situ. The project work will be performed in two stages.

Work in Stage 1 of the project will focus on developing the CBST hardware and a software control program and preliminary field testing of the device in Iowa. In Stage 2, field CBSTs will be performed at an Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT) bridge project site and compared with the results of laboratory tests performed by the project team, and possibly in situ tests performed by others. Additional field tests will be conducted in Virginia in collaboration with a soil testing company that will also perform other in situ tests for comparison. Finally, field tests will be performed in California to demonstrate the device to the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans).

Project Details
STATUS

In-Progress

START DATE

08/17/20

END DATE

11/17/22

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CMAT
SPONSORS

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Roy Sturgill

Construction Engineer, CMAT

About the research

The objective of this research is to identify best practices and prepare guidelines for state Departments of Transportation (DOTs) on how to evaluate and charge for the accommodation of utility and communication installations on public ROW. The guidelines shall at least include a comparison of fees, leasing, and in-kind trading used by a majority of state DOTs. Reasons for the variance in fees, valuation methods, and other factors will be analyzed to explain the variation in approaches taken by state DOTs and will be standardized and normalized so that the comparisons are evaluated in like terms. The guidance should provide state DOTs the means and approaches necessary to execute a fee or leasing schedule for occupancy both for general utilities and for telecommunications facilities.

Project Details
STATUS

In-Progress

START DATE

08/13/19

END DATE

10/31/22

FOCUS AREAS

Safety

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CTRE
SPONSORS

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Christopher Day

Affiliate Researcher, CTRE

About the research

Right-turn-on-red (RTOR) has been used in the US for several decades, beginning in California as early as 1937, before being adopted by most states during the energy crisis of the 1970s. In current practice, allowance of RTOR is the default assumption by most drivers, with local prohibitions noted by use of the NO TURN ON RED sign, and area-wide prohibitions in certain local jurisdictions (such as in New York City).

There are several significant gaps in tools available to practitioners regarding RTOR, which are present in current guidance documents. The most fundamental of these is guidance on whether RTOR should be permitted or prohibited at a location. The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) lists six conditions where a NO TURN ON RED sign should be used.

Some of these conditions, such as sight distance, are unambiguous, but others such as geometric and operational characteristics are more open to judgment. Other guidance documents have included their own statements regarding RTOR, but these also stop short of offering a unified method for determining whether to prohibit RTOR.

The research team offers a vision of execution that includes three key elements that they believe can result in outcomes that are highly transferable, versatile, and which will lead to greatly accelerated implementation into practice. This includes approaches to data collection, modeling, and implementation that each provide novel contributions to the analysis of RTOR volumes, and perhaps to capacity analysis more generally.

Project Details
STATUS

In-Progress

START DATE

06/06/19

END DATE

12/31/23

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CTRE
SPONSORS

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Shauna Hallmark

Director, InTrans

About the research

Connected and autonomous vehicle (CAV) technologies hold the potential to produce a number of safety, mobility, and environmental benefits for the users and operators of the nation’s surface transportation system. The benefits of connected vehicle technologies are expected to be wideranging and apply not only to roadway users but also transportation agencies. These benefits include reduced crashes, improved mobility, lower emissions, a reduced need to construct roadway infrastructure (fostered by mobility improvements), among others. However, the advent of a fully-integrated CAV system is not expected to come online for at least 20 years due to turnover in the existing vehicle fleet. As a result, infrastructure will need to be maintained for human drivers as well as CAVs for some time. Additionally autonomous vehicle (AV) technology is being developed by private industry regardless of the state of current infrastructure. As such, AV technology is heavily based on 360 degree awareness in close proximity of the vehicle and not heavily integrated with the provided infrastructure. Yet, demonstrations by the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) and others have shown that significant benefits to safety will require that AV technology operate with connectivity between vehicles, based on the basic safety message (BSM), and communications with roadside infrastructure.

The USDOT publication and outreach in deploying Preparing for the Future of Transportation: Automated Vehicle 3.0 makes it very clear that the federal government’s role will focus on vehicle safety and will not employ blanket regulation, which makes the likely progression of vehicle technology driven by cost of vehicle turnover for private owners and market forces for shared vehicle owners/operators.

The need to maintain a dual system that serves regular drivers and CAVs for some time to an acceptable level of service coupled with uncertainty in the direction of CAV technology creates an additional maintenance burden for agencies who already have constrained workforces and budgets. Compounding this is that changing maintenance needs will require a different set of workforce skills than is currently available in most transportation agencies.

Project Details
STATUS

Completed

PROJECT NUMBER

NCHRP 10-85

START DATE

03/08/11

END DATE

07/31/13

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CMAT, CTRE
SPONSORS

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Doug Gransberg
Co-Principal Investigator
Jennifer Shane

Director, CMAT

About the research

Construction Manager/General Contractor (CMGC) project delivery is an integrated team approach to the planning, design, and construction of a highway project, to control schedule and budget, and to assure quality for the project owner. The team consists of the owner, the designer, which might be an in-house engineer, and the at-risk construction manager. The aim of this project delivery method is to engage at-risk construction expertise early in the design process to enhance constructability, manage risk, and facilitate concurrent execution of design and construction without the owner giving up control over the details of design as it would in a design-build project. The objective of this research is to address the needs for CMGC guidance for evolving alternative project delivery methods. The research documents the results of a survey of state DOTs (response rate of 84 percent), a content analysis of 50 CMGC solicitation documents, and 10 case studies of CMGC projects. The research yielded a set of CMGC delivery models that are specifically adapted for DOT projects, not a regurgitation of the models in use in vertical construction. The models are described in a Guidebook for initiating and implementing a CMGC project delivery system for highway projects at transportation agencies.

Project Details
STATUS

Completed

START DATE

09/30/13

END DATE

09/25/19

FOCUS AREAS

Infrastructure

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, BEC
SPONSORS

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
Federal Highway Administration
National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Sri Sritharan

Faculty Affiliate

About the research

According to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Bridge Design Specifications, minimum reinforcement provisions are intended to reduce the probability of brittle failure by providing flexural capacity greater than the cracking moment. There is a concern with the current AASHTO LRFD minimum flexural reinforcement requirements when it’s applied to pretensioned or post-tensioned concrete flexural members. Increasing the nominal capacity of a member can result in increasing the cracking moment of the same member. This makes the design process iterative, and the current minimum reinforcement requirement for post-tensioned members is difficult to satisfy. This also may lead to less efficient design of pretensioned/post-tensioned concrete flexural members. Provisions for the design of minimum flexural reinforcement must be suitable for all structure and reinforcement types covered by the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications and should be consistent with the LRFD design philosophy. The objective of this research is to propose revisions to the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications minimum flexural reinforcement provisions. The research should consider reinforced, pre-tensioned, and post-tensioned concrete flexural members (e.g., bonded and unbonded tendons for segmentally and other than segmentally constructed bridges).

 

Project Details
STATUS

In-Progress

START DATE

09/01/15

END DATE

06/30/18

FOCUS AREAS

Safety

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CTRE
SPONSORS

National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Paul Carlson
Co-Principal Investigator
Shauna Hallmark

Director, InTrans

Co-Principal Investigator
Omar Smadi

Director, CTRE

About the research

The objective of this research is to develop a guide for transportation practitioners that describes and evaluates the safety benefits, as shown by driver performance or other methods, of retroreflective pavement markers (RPMs), both raised and recessed, for nighttime driving, particularly during wet weather.

See the NCHRP project page for more information.

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