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Project Details
STATUS

Completed

PROJECT NUMBER

12-436

START DATE

07/15/12

END DATE

09/27/13

FOCUS AREAS

Safety

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CTRE, SWZDI
SPONSORS

Federal Highway Administration
Iowa Department of Transportation
Mid-America Transportation Center
Smart Work Zone Deployment Initiative
TPF-5(081)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Shauna Hallmark

Director, InTrans

About the research

The main objective of this synthesis was to identify and summarize how agencies collect, analyze, and report different work-zone traffic-performance measures, which include exposure, mobility, and safety measures. The researchers also examined communicating performance to the public. This toolbox provides knowledge to help state departments of transportation (DOTs), as well as counties and cities, to better address reporting of work-zone performance.

Project Details
STATUS

Completed

START DATE

05/19/11

END DATE

11/30/12

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CMAT, CTRE, SWZDI
SPONSORS

Federal Highway Administration
Iowa Department of Transportation
Midwest Transportation Consortium
Smart Work Zone Deployment Initiative
TPF-5(081)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Jennifer Shane

Director, CMAT

Co-Principal Investigator
Kelly Strong

Associate Director, Contracts and Project Management

Student Researcher(s)
JAY MATHES

About the research

Highway construction is among the most dangerous industries in the US. Internal traffic control design, along with how construction equipment and vehicles interact with the traveling public, have a significant effect on how safe a highway construction work zone can be.

An integrated approach was taken to research work-zone safety issues and mobility, including input from many personnel, ranging from roadway designers to construction laborers and equipment operators. The research team analyzed crash data from Iowa work-zone incident reports and Occupational Safety and Health Administration data for the industry in conjunction with the results of personal interviews, a targeted work-zone ingress and egress survey, and a work-zone pilot project.

Project Details
STATUS

Completed

START DATE

07/01/08

END DATE

10/31/12

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CTRE, SWZDI
SPONSORS

Smart Work Zone Deployment Initiative
TPF-5(081)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Neal Hawkins

Associate Director, InTrans

Co-Principal Investigator
Başak Aldemir Bektaş

Associate Scientist, CTRE

Co-Principal Investigator
Omar Smadi

Director, CTRE

About the research

Work zones by nature present transitions and changes to motorists’ expectations. Given these conditions, providing proper guidance to motorists is critical.

With respect to pavement markings, the challenge is to provide sufficient markings but in a temporary setting. Various pavement-marking products are currently in use within work zones; however, their effectiveness and cost can vary widely.

This research evaluated the effectiveness of several common removable pavement marking products in terms of daytime presence, retroreflectivity, and removability. The evaluation was completed on an active work zone in central Iowa and included both white and yellow edge-line markings within the taper and crossover sections of a work zone.

Presence was evaluated in terms of the amount of product remaining at the end of the evaluation period. Retroreflectivity was measured using a 30 meter geometry retroreflectometer. Product removal was evaluated in terms of internal tape strength, adhesive bond, and the amount of discernible markings after removal based on the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) National Transportation Product Evaluation Program(NTPEP).

Findings showed that performance of temporary pavement marking materials is highly dependent on the surface characteristics on which they are being placed, the amount of traffic traversing the material, and the marking material used. All tape products met the Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT) minimum retroreflectivity standard throughout the duration of the work zone. With a few exceptions, due to marking location, the tape products were removed easily with minimal to moderate discernible markings remaining.

Based on these findings, the research team recommends that the Iowa DOT consider using temporary pavement marking tape products for all markings within the crossover section of the work zone, given this area receives the most wear from vehicle weaving actions and also presents the most challenges for maintaining the markings. The team also notes that removable paint products are rapidly evolving and are a potentially promising alternative in terms of installation, cost, and removal (no scaring), and are worth investigating further.

 

Project Details
STATUS

Completed

START DATE

08/01/06

END DATE

01/30/12

RESEARCH CENTERS InTrans, CTRE, SWZDI
SPONSORS

Federal Highway Administration
Iowa Department of Transportation
Midwest Transportation Consortium
Smart Work Zone Deployment Initiative
TPF-5(081)

Researchers
Principal Investigator
Zachary Hans

Director, CWIMS

Principal Investigator
Neal Hawkins

Associate Director, InTrans

About the research

The objective of this project was to promote and facilitate analysis and evaluation of the impacts of road construction activities in Smart Work Zone Deployment Initiative (SWZDI) states.

The two primary objectives of this project were to assess urban freeway work-zone impacts through use of remote monitoring devices, such as radar-based traffic sensors, traffic cameras, and traffic signal loop detectors, and evaluate the effectiveness of using these devices for such a purpose. Two high-volume suburban freeway work zones, located on Interstate 35/80 (I-35/I-80) through the Des Moines, Iowa metropolitan area, were evaluated at the request of the Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT).

 

 

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